Fetal Anti Convulsant Syndrome is a condition caused when a woman taking Anti Epileptic drugs (Sodium Valproate, Carbamazipine & Phenytoin) either for:

Epilepsy, Depression, Mood SwingsPain ReliefADHDBipolar Disorder or Migraines

Has been prescribed before or during her pregnancy.

FACS is thought to arise because some of the medications taken to treat all of the above pass through the placenta and into the developing foetus.  If a child is diagnosed with FACS they are more likely to be diagnosed with

Spina Bifida,

Heart Defects

Limb Defects

Joint Laxity and poor muscle tone,

Visual problems such as short sightedness or squints,

Characteristic Facial Features (similar to Downs Syndrome)

A delay in reaching milestones

Gross and fine motor difficulties

Autistic spectrum disorders ie Dyspraxia, Aspergers, ADHD etc

Attention and memory difficulties

Speech and language difficulties

Noise Intolerant (doesnt like loud noises, tends to cover their ears)



Zoo-phobia (petrified of animals)

If you feel your child may have FACS you must speak to your GP about your concerns and request to be referred to a Paeditrician or Clinical Geneticist. Not every child who is exposed to these medicines will have FACS. NEVER stop taking your Anticonvulsant medication without medical advice as this could pose a serious risk to you and if pregnant your child