What is FACS?

Fetal Anti Convulsant syndrome is an Umbrella Term for a host of different Epilepsy medications taken during pregnancy that have had an affect on the baby in Utero. The following medications are medically known to be Teratogenic during pregnancy

Sodium Valproate (1973)
Phenytoin (1938)
Carbamazepine (1963)
Lamotrigine (1991)
Topiramate (1995)
Levetiracetem (2000)

Epilepsy medicines are prescribed for a variety of conditions :
Bipolar Disorder
Pain Relief
Trigeminal Neuralgia

FACS is thought to arise because some of the medications taken to treat all of the above pass through the placenta and into the developing foetus. If a child is diagnosed with FACS they are more likely to be diagnosed with

Congenital Heart Defects
Spina Bifida
Limb Defects
Joint Laxity (Hypermobility)
Visual problems such as short sightedness or squints,
Characteristic Facial Features (similar to Downs Syndrome)
A delay in reaching milestones
Gross and fine motor difficulties
Autistic Spectrum Disorders (Dyspraxia, Aspergers, ADHD)
Attention and memory difficulties
Speech and language difficulties
Noise Intolerant (doesn’t like loud noises, tends to cover their ears)
Zoo-phobia (petrified of animals)
If you feel your child may have FACS you must speak to your GP about your concerns and request to be referred to a Paeditrician or Clinical Geneticist. Not every child who is exposed to these medicines will have FACS. NEVER stop taking your Anticonvulsant medication without medical advice as this could pose a serious risk to you and if pregnant your child